The mission of the Institute is to cultivate the Czech political and public sphere through professional and open discussion. We aim to create a living platform which defines problems, analyzes them, and offers recipes for their solution in the form of cooperation with experts, politicians, international conferences, seminars, public discussions, and political and social analysis available to the whole of Czech society. We believe that open discussion with experts and the recognition of the causes of problems is a necessary presumption for any successful solution to the political and social problems facing society today.
“CIRCMIGR – Improving circular migration between Belarus and Poland, Slovakia and Czechia”
Do you want to know more about the Internship?
Turkey’s Gas Ambitions
Recent developments in natural gas endeavors may lead Turkey into dangerous waters. On one end, the often described ‘biggest global discovery in 2020,’ Sakarya gas field in the Black Sea represent a dash of hope for the future development of Turkey’s natural gas diversification strategy that would lead to less reliance on imported natural gas. On the other end, Turkey’s exploratory and drilling activities caused numerous tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean which erupted upon the signing of the maritime agreement with Libya. The current situation calls upon several questions. Will Turkey be able to effectively use the Sakarya gas fields and if so, what would be the consequences in international relations towards the European Union and the Russian Federation? Will the Turkey-Libya maritime agreement stand strong despite the heavy pressure from the European Union and despite the possibility to cause further destabilization in the region? The answers to these questions lay in Turkey’s gas ambitions.
The aim of this policy paper is to delve into the complex natural gas network in Turkey founded under the pretext of a diversification strategy and examine its consequences in international relations. Following the current energy conflict in the East Mediterranean which threatens to destabilize the region, this policy paper focuses on the ever-fragile relations between Turkey and the European Union in their endeavor to diversify natural gas imports from Russia.
Thirty years later: what changed since the US “unipolar moment”?
Thirty years ago, the Cold War was over: Europe was reunited after almost half a century of artificial and political motivated division; the exhausted USSR was about to collapse; and the US, along with its Western allies, was triumphant. Francis Fukuyama (1989) argued that the victory of Western liberal democracies represented not just the passage towards a post-war history, but also «the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind’s ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government»; and furthermore, the «total exhaustion of viable systematic alternatives to Western liberalism» helped the West to prevail over the socialist model. A particular variant of Western liberal democracy that was emphasized at the time: the American one.
The US was not just celebrating a geopolitical victory over a three generations enemy – Socialism – but it strongly emerged from the Cold War as the only geopolitical superpower left; as a model of political regime – liberal democracy appeared to be the winning governing scheme –; as an “economic leader” – capitalism and free market defeated planned economy; as a cultural model – from East Berlin to Minsk, from Prague to Budapest, former Warsaw Pact’s countries were attracted by the consumerist wave triggered by America. In the post-Cold War world, the US was the model: unchallengeable, unmatched, uncontrollable. No country, not even in coalition with others, could consider competing on the military level with the great stars and stripes’ “post-modern” empire.
Israeli Inspiration for European Cybersecurity
Israel has been facing tremendous pressure from its opponents since its foundation in 1948. During more than 70 years of existence, Israel has experienced many wars and tensions still exist today. These experiences have brought the nation to prioritise its security. Simultaneously, these experiences have taught the Israelis to cope with challenges in an efficient way, thus the Israeli approach can be very helpful for Europeans.
With the deepening of globalisation and digitalisation many new threats are emerging. NATO recognised cyberspace as a new battlefield in 2016 and added it to the core task of collective defence. On one side, Israel uses the possibilities of cyber but on the other, they are fully aware of the threats, so they are recognising cyberspace as one of the greatest threats that Israel is facing.
Israeli skills within cyber are extraordinary that is one of the reasons why there are so many companies focused on cyber, from all over the world, with offices in Israel. Moreover, Israel supports the start-up industry which is helping to keep up the advancement and further develop the field.